Coronavirus or COVID-19 is a class of viruses that cause disease in aminals and birds. Coronavirus commonly found in mammals or birds but unfortunately, humans are the new carriers of Coronavirus or COVID-19. In humans, Coronavirus spread quickly and it can lead to serious respiratory tract infection. However, the severity of infection depends from person to person.
The COVID-19 or Corona virus was first detected in Wuhan, China during the infected patient investigation and there is no vaccine or treatment available Corona virus (i.e. COVID-19).
Table of Contents
What is a COVID-19 and Is it common in humans?
COVID-19 is a respiratory tract disease which is new Coronavirus. The abbreviation COVID-19 was provided by WHO and CODIV-19 means “Coronavirus Disease 2019”, here 19 actually specify the year when it was first detected. Coronavirus is not a specific kind of virus but it is a significantly large category of the virus, that include deadly SARS virus. The term “corona,” is a Latin term which means crown.
Coronavirus was initially found in animals and birds, but now it has transmitted into humans and is spreading very rapidly across different counties in the world. WHO has recently declare COVID-19 as a pandemic.
History of Corona Virus?
The family of Coronaviruses is quite old and it was first discovered in 1960. The first case was an infection in animal and second case in human patients with mild cold symptoms. Most of the coronavirus leads to a serious infection in the respiratory system.
In 2019, the first case of coronavirus disease was identified in Wuhan China, which is the epicentre of COVID-19 disease. According to unpublish reports, there were approximately 266 people infected by the coronavirus and were put under medical surveillance but unfortunately, authorities did not act swiftly to stop the spread of virus.
The coronavirus, which is now a pandemic, and spread in almost all counties has infected at least 162,343 people across the world and killed 6,069. However, almost 76,219 people have recovered till now.
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVIS-19), generally affect your respiratory system. Coronavirus symptoms do not appear immediately. The incubation period for Coronavirus disease is around 2 – 14 days once you get exposed to Coronavirus.
The severity of infection depends on patient to patient, some patients might show mild Coronavirus symptoms while others show severe Coronavirus symptoms. But, Coronavirus symptoms gradually tuns from mild to severe, so you have to extra vigilant if you notice any such symptoms. Following are the main Coronavirus symptoms:
- shortness of breath
Other less common Coronavirus symptoms may include:
- nasal congestion
- sore throat
- runny nose
In some, case infection lead to death also, however, there is a good number of people who have recovered from the coronavirus infections.
Can you get infected by Cronavirus (COVID-19)?
Yes, you can get infected with COVID-19 if get in contact with an infected person or you touch any surface/object which is contaminated by the virus. Coronavirus spread rapidly for people to people and symptoms does not appear instantly, in-fact you will know only after 2-7 days after you get exposed to Coronavirus.
Why Coronavirus is spreading so rapidly?
You might be wondering, how Coronavirus is spreading so quickly and in different counties around the world. Well, now Coronavirus is spreading from person to person. It can be spread easily if get in touch with an infected person. Imagine you are travelling by public transport and person sitting next to you is infected with the Coronavirus, then you highly probably get infected with Coronavirus.
Is there a vaccine for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)?
At present, there is no vaccine for COVID-19 and there is no specific medication available to treat Coronavirus Disease. However, doctors are currently using various antibiotic medicine to treat respiratory tract infection.
Scientists are working tirelessly to building Coronavirus vaccine, they have not got any breakthrough till now. But, still, you can protect your self from Coronavirus by cough etiquette and maintaining good hygiene by regularly washing your hands an avoid unnecessary contacts with people and void crowded places.
Is there a treatment for Coronavirus Disease?
Well, there is no specific medicine or vaccine that can be used to treat Coronavirus disease. However, if you are infected with Coronavirus or you notice Coronavirus symptoms then you should immediately contact your local GP or Hospital.
Your GP would immediately conduct the required test and start initial medication (i.e. antibiotics) so that respiratory tract infection can be control as soon as possible. At the same time you should not panic because there are large number of patients who have recovered from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
How to prevent Coronavirus from spreading?
As you know that “Prevention is better than cure”, so to prevent spreading of Corona Virus you need to follow basic and very common steps. These steps are not only applicable for infected person, it’s applicable for all. Following are couple of steps that you need to follow:
How dangerous is the Coronavirus (COVID-19)?
Well, Coronavirus is not as deadly as compared to other viruses of this family. If you get medical assistance on time and your immune system is not weak, then you can very well recover from COVID-19. There are a significant number of the patient which has successfully recovered. But, till coronavirus mess is settle you should take precaution to avoid the spread of Coronavirus.
Food that can boost your immunity and help fight the coronavirus infections?
Your, immune system plays a vital role in fighting against any infection or disease caused by virus, bacteria etc in your body. If your immune system is strong, then your body can fight strongly against these virus attacks. Thus, you should have a strong immune system and to have a strong immune system you should change your lifestyle by heaving healthy meals and avoid bad habits such as smoke and drink.
You should consider having below listed food to boost your immunity:
- Dark chocolate
- Oily fish
- Sweet potatoes
- Green tea
- Oranges or kiwifruit (kiwis)
- Red bell pepper
Avoid smoking and try to do exercise regularly at least 3 times in a week.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID-19 which was originated Wuhan, China has now impacted the entire world. Corona virus is now declared as a pandemic by WHO and it is spreading rapidly from person to person. The worst part is there is no specific treatment available for COVID-19. However, scientists across the world working day in and out to develop the vaccine.
The spread of Coronavirus can be stopped by taking a couple of simple and easy precaution such as wash hand regularly, following cough etiquette, avoiding touching your face without washing your hands, avoid unnecessary travel etc.
Thus, there is no need to panic from Crona virus but you have to be extra vigilant while following the precaution to protect yourself and your family.